The effects of mindfulness for people with visual and moderate intellectual disability and their caregivers
Presentatie (Engelstalig) van Hannelies Hokke tijdens het 4e IASSIDD Europe Congres in Wenen in juli 2014.
This pilot study focuses on the effect of mindfulness for persons with visual impairment and moderate intellectual disability and of a mindfulness training for caregivers.
In the case studies two clients and eight of their caregivers participated. The clients received a mindfulness-based therapy by an experienced therapist. The staff received a training mindfulness, based on the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (Kabat-Zinn, 1979). To assess well-being and the effect on challenging behavior the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation- Outcome Measure (CORE - OM) was used. Self-efficacy of caregivers was measured using the Dutch General Self-Efficacy Scale. To assess effects on the interaction between clients and caregivers a questionnaire was designed. The social validity was examined using a social validity scale, based on Seys (1987).
The results show an improvement in well-being and a decrease in challenging behavior for both clients (X²=12.25, p=.007; X²=14.02, p=.003). The self-efficacy of the caregivers increased (z=-2.226, p two-sided=.026) during the training as well as their focus of attention on their clients. Both clients and caregivers indicated that they find mindfulness-based treatment and training valuable.
Mindfulness appears to have positive effects on the persons with visual and intellectual disabilities and on their caregivers.